Critical review of studies on the representation of architecture and use of the image in science and art

Super User

Super User

Time, shape and image are three access keys to architecture, valuable for those who today join the road that already Vittorio Ugo (Palermo 1938-2005) traced, over three decades, with his research and his teaching. This book is a compilation of reflections this themes accrued by many scholars and submitted to the Study Day in his honor held in March 2007 at the Department of Architectural Design at the Politecnico di Milano. His legacy, still alive in the people who knew him, is here revived by his friends with the intention of reflecting on his researches: to treasure it and found future work on it, to reflect where possible "the passing of the baton" from his work, to make his person known with contributions from the disciplines he studied. The book is about "the places where architecture is recognizable and the places it produces, then of physical but also literary living spaces"; thus it offers a variety of looks ranging from architectural theory to design, from representation to mathematics, from history to philosophy and aesthetics. The texts are by: Angelo Ambrosi, Amedeo Bellini, Marco Biraghi, Luigi Cocchiarella, Giancarlo Consonni, Gianni Contessi, Franco De Faveri, Roberto de Rubertis, Elio Franzini, Elisa Guagenti, Giovanna A. Massari, Uzushi Nakamura, Pierluigi Panza, Fulvio Papi, Philippe Potié, Alberto Pratelli, Franco Purini, Fabio Quici, Andrea Rolando, Joseph Rykwert, Rossella Salerno, Ken-ichi Sasaki, Antonio Somaini.

The volume contains the transcription as well as the historical-critical analysis of the second part of the treatise "About Civil Architecture by Baldassarre Orsini", an unpublished work of the eighteenth-century "painter-philosopher" in Perugia: a precious manuscript, preserved in the Academy of Fine Arts “Pietro Vannucci” of Perugia, that, although designed with specific educational purposes (Orsini, long-director of the ancient Academy of Design in Perugia, is a believer in the need for a solid scientific background), shows explicit relationships with the cultural debate of the time and is sensitive to the profound theoretical-conceptual changes throughout Europe, around the second half of the eighteenth century, embodying the irreversible crisis of humanistic principles and opening up the doors of modernity. If the first part of the Treaty pursues the systematization of art based on the rules of geometry and proportion, the second is a textbook, dedicated to the technical aspects of construction, illustrated with a large body of drawings.

Monday, 13 July 2015 10:06

Modellazione 3D & rendering

The volume aims to investigate the processes of realizing 3D models and their subsequent use, which can be directed to the field of figuration, by means of rendering operations, the obtaining of traditional graphic executive drafts, CAD/CAM mode, where objects and components are made with numerical control machines. The first stage is about analysis and documentation, followed by a survey directed to the architectural market, aims to the understanding of in which way and to what extent some architectural firms are using computers to govern the design process. The research focuses on three major American studies, which use the new info-graphics techniques with different operation modes: F. O. Gehry, E.O. Moss and NBBJ Architecture. Finally, the last part looks at how 3D modeling enters the field of entertainment and gaming, with reference to "real time strategy" games.

This book proposes a learning method for descriptive geometry based on the use of touch, in the absence of visual perception, with the intent give the blind the capacity to understand the physical space in which we live. The approach to the basic concepts and the testing of the architectural forms are conducted through tangible building models very useful also for those who can see, making geometric operations more intuitive. The realization of scale models enables the understanding and control of even large spaces, unattainable without the sense of sight, thus improving the life quality of an extended audience.

Urban periphery has always been viewed in scientific literature as negative: "degraded place" at best, "no place" in a commonly accepted definition. A closer look to a zoned suburb without aesthetic qualities, reveals that there are actually spontaneous realities with a clear figurative identity and a well-defined vocabulary. Based on a concept of "new survey" in order to grasp the quality of urban although unresolved areas, and the study of self-organization processes of the spontaneous city learning about the ongoing tensions, we can act in the territory with architectural plans, fitting into the existing fabric as qualifying pieces, as regenerative stem cells, which have the same genetic tissue. In this sense the "contextualistic" project, seeks figurative congruence with the existing buildings and consciously deduces lexical items. The semiotic perspective of this book, in this sense, seeks a systematic link between certain formal avant-garde solutions of and the same lexical items of self-built poor artifacts, providing a cognitive tool strategy, before leaving up to a concrete intervention on the territory.

Life and death, drawing and design, four words insidiously entwined in a metaphysical embrace, is it not too much for a book that deals with the importance of the industrial object? Adriana Rossi shows where are the logical, although unusual, connections. The proposed reading key resides in the creative process dynamics, to which - this is the unusual appearance - an equal dynamics in the process of investigation into the shape, not limited to the study of the object, but investigates its becoming, the possible alternatives, the metamorphosis and unpredictable interactions with use, correspond.

The volume contains the proceedings of the seminar organized by Vittorio Ugo at the Politecnico di Milano on 22nd and 23rd of March in 2004.

This book addresses issues of computer-assisted representation, avoiding to act as a manual for education of special techniques. Instead it identifies the logical processes by which the programs themselves can operate and illustrates the operation method independent of individual applications, seeking rather the methodological comparison with the laws governing geometry of projections, optics and perception, namely those disciplines that investigate the very foundations of vision and representation. Drawing as a form of knowledge, critical survey and architectural design are addressed in their capacity as pliable instruments in the hands of the operator, thus suitable to stimulate the use of new more intelligent technologies and, above all, able to help designers and researchers in the most accurate assessment of opportunities and limits of the means used.

Monday, 13 July 2015 09:21

Rappresentazione antica del territorio

The story of drawing highlights the imponderable transition stages from depiction to representation; the moments when the graphic act corresponds to a, pursued and achieved, conscious mental power; the path that takes from the description of a real event to learning and then the drawing, abstract from reality. The history of territory representation, or portions thereof, enhances these phases: the knowledge of the territory corresponds closely to any management activity; the representation of places is an act of manifestation of power. Through the observation of phases, trials, the resulting drawings mediated by social information, the historical course allows to verify the learning and transmission processes of abstract reality; process, this, that in territory representation identifies the means by which it is possible to state the ability to dominate the sights of nature, to manage territorial portions that, in this way, become environment.
Operating a graphic abstraction, exercising power in relation to territory, already in the past caused a specific focus on what will then become science; Greeks themselves, careful assimilators of all that can be useful, invent geometry and geography lemmas directly in line with the common thread behind these sciences. Remote sources, such as cosmology, astronomy, field measurement, the topography born in the Middle East and enriched by the greek, achieve the highest exaltation of mapping when they flow into the Roman world. Seen in this way, the history of territorial iconography coincides with the history of knowledge: the analysis moves from the thresholds of epistemology and is targeted to identify practices that have created a knowledge that will take over after the name of science.

The terms "perception" and "communication", referring to architecture and its representation, are now widely abused with often antiquated and superficial meanings. This book seeks to reveal their physiological and cultural foundations and to clarify their relationship with semiotics, with iconography and design in order to understand the processes by which architecture is conceived and expressed.
A rich repertoire of contemporary artwork actualizes the interest in the subject and offers a number of critical insights with which to meditate on the concepts of information, mystification, authenticity, likeness, subrogation and ostentation that run across the idea of the project.

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